Chap 3 Course Companion Study/Action Guide


Take a book you’ve read recently (could even be a text for one of your classes) and ___answer the 4 questions on this page. a. Out of all the possible topics or ideas regarding knowledge, what have the authors selected to give you?

The book that I choose to write this response to is a book called “The Great Gatsby” written by Scott Fitzgerald. This book centers around a man called Jay Gatsby who, in his time, is considered really well off.  Fitzgerald, even though there are so many ideas about knowledge that he could have given us, he seemed to have chosen a much more desecrate route.  Throughout the novel, Fitzgerald gives hints at certain social characteristics.  For example he only shows the wealth in that time, the 1%, but not the other 99%.

  b. Out of those topics and ideas treated, what have they emphasized, and how?

Fitzgerald emphasized in this novel that people only see the 1920s for its 1%.  The term “the Roaring 20s” only focuses on the wealth that a couple of people came to make.  He does this by focusing his novel on the wealthy but from a neutral POV.  This helps the reader see the wealth from a POV that doesn’t give as much of a bias.  

c. What kind of language have they used, and what emotions or values do you identify in the word choice? What images accompany the text, and how are they selected and used?

The language that Fitzgerald used really helped portray the novel.  He uses terminology from that time that allows the reader to connect to the characters.  The images that he makes with his diction really focus on Manhattan Island. They are selected and used based on what he wants to portray to his audience . 

d. What is the context in which the book was written – by whom, for what purpose…?

Fitzgerald wrote this book for the 99%.  The point he wanted to make was the lives of the wealthy in his time.  He made a point on a separation of “old wealth” and “new wealth” and this separation was one of the main focus in the novel.  The reason why he made this separation was because he wanted to show the how the 1920s changed society.  


. _____Read the green box from Yeshey of Bhutan (don’t step on a book!). _____Then read about and watch Thomas Pettit, a Danish philosopher, discuss the Gutenberg Parenthesis and his view of books (tear one up!).

_____Answer: What are your thoughts about the sanctity of books and how did you arrive to your decision?

I think that books’ provide a window to the past and that they should always hold some sanctity.  No matter what other people say, I believe that books are a part of who we are as a people.  Books define our feelings, our history, and our creativity.  I came to this decision based on my experience reading pleasure books, texts, and magazines. This is not to say that Bhutan’s article didn’t help me also come to this conclusion.

  _____Answer: Do books really “hold learning”?

I believe that books do hold learning.  Even thought they can be boring and full of complex terminology, the knowledge that they hold is worth deciphering. Books define our feelings, our history, and our creativity which is why they hold so much educational value. 

_____Answer: How would you rate where you get knowledge – media (various), books, teachers, family, friends, celebrities, etc.? (draw a continuum or explain)

Personally, I get most of my knowledge now from the internet and social media.  But back when I was younger I got my knowledge from my parents, books, and of course teachers.  Now I feel that the freedom that I have entered into, being older, has taken me way from getting my information from teachers but from experience and various media outlets.    Pg. 92-3: Types of Knowledge D.

_____Check out Mohammed Youssef’s explanation of the 5 Stages of Knowledge / Wisdom in Arabic. _____Provide a real life example of each, as it applies to your life.

1.  Knowing that when there is no wind, it will get hot, so it is an observation.

2.  Taking notes during classes like Math, Biology, English etc. because I am learning for the first time about different subjects.  I could not learn these things without the help of a teacher. 

3.  My skin will burn if I am in the sun for long periods of time without sunscreen.Without sunscreen, my skin will turn red and get really sore the next day.

4. I know that if you break the law then you will get arrested.

5.  A circle is 360 degrees E. _____Make your own list of an experiential knowledge (“knowing through direct experience”) you have,

  • I know how to surf
  • What bananas taste like
  • What happens if I stay in the sun too long
  • Where I live

_____a procedural knowledge (skills; “knowing how”),

  • I know how to tie a shoe
  • how to brush my teeth

_____ and a knowledge claim (“knowing that”- tied to language)

  • I know that the sky is blue
  • that humans are the dominate species
  • that there is world hunger

_____What type is the easiest to learn? What type tends to stick the longest? The easiest type for me to to learn is to learn by doing.  For some reason if my fingers are involved I tend to learn that skill much quicker.  The type that tends to take the longest is to learn by experience.  I take this as I yet don’t know the skills and wisdom that a 30 year old would or a 60 year old.   

F. _____READ THIS ARTICLE outlining the different theories of learning and how Twitter could be used for each.

_____Answer: Which theory do you think best applies to our IB program? Which theory do you find most helpful as a style of learning?

The theory that best applies to our IB program is Connectivism.  The theory that I find most helpful is Constructivism.

H. The 3 kinds of knowledge are stored differently in the brain. Remember how Mr. Clive Wearing could still play the piano?

_____Find out the differences between each of the types of memory. Then Curate something on one of the following types of memory OR draw an illustration symbolizing one or the differences between them (you can take a photo if you do a hand-drawing and post to blog):

-procedural memory- is memory for the performance of particular types of action

-working memory-is the system that actively holds multiple pieces of transitory information in the mind for execution of verbal and nonverbal tasks

-long-term memory- is memory in which associations among items are stored, as part of the theory of a dual-store memory model

-declarative memory-memories which can be consciously recalled such as facts and knowledge

-episodic memory. is the memory of autobiographical events (times, places associated emotions and other contextual knowledge)


_____What is the difference between being sincere and being right? What is the difference between making a false statement and lying? M. Pg. 108-9: Justification Types After reading about reliable sources (experts and general consensus), memories, emotions, intuition, faith, and revelation,

_____describe what role these might play in the Areas of Knowledge (your subjects)…for example, how might emotion affect and artist or intuition affect a scientist?

I do believe that emotion can effect anyone from a doctor to an artist.  Emotions affect us at the most primeval levels and if some one makes a bad decision then the feeling of regret will be very strong. For example if a doctor makes a wrong diagnosis then it could be that they feel a lot of regret which could affect their confidence.  

N. Pg. 110-111: Intensity of Belief _____Draw or diagram something that represents the relationship between belief, truth, knowledge, and justification.


O. Pg. 114: Do I Believe? _____After reading about the 3 “s’s”: SOURCE, STATEMENTS, and SELF, choose something you’ve learned recently and evaluate it based on these, using specific examples.

I recently learned about proteins in my Biology class.  All of the information was accurate because 1) it came from Dr. P and 2) it was taken from text books and IB related sources.  The information is not false because all the knowledge comes from experts in the biological sciences.  This info is not biased because there is no way that facts can be biased.  I am taking in the knowledge and learning from it. I am taking it beyond what it is telling me and interpreting it and in the future, taking a test to see if I have really learned it. 


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